Diet, Microbiota and Regulation of Inflammation. 3rd Part

Food is one of the most important points in controlling ecological balance . As mentioned above, this host-microbiota-parasite ecosystem has important repercussions on immune and metabolic function . Increasingly, studies relate the changes produced in the ecosystem of gastrointestinal microbes and parasites. A consequence of dietary interventions – with beneficial effects on pathologies such as obesity , insulin resistance , type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular pathology (49). Is there a diet to regulate inflammation? Different diets are being in relation to the intestinal microbiota . In a clinical trial with 80 overweight or obese subjects, the intervention group out a diet rich in whole grains for 8 weeks (50), resulting, among other markers, in a reduction of TNF alpha with an increase in Bacteroides and Lactobacillus in the fecal microbiota.

Another diet studied has been the low FODMAP diet

A low FODMAP diet was compared with a typical Australian diet in a crossover study, in which both the intervention and bleaching periods were 21 days (53). At the end of the study they saw how the low FODMAP diet increased microbial diversity New Zealand WhatsApp Number Data and the total number of bacteria, while the typical Australian diet increased the amount of butyrate produced by Clostridium and the mucus associated with Akkermansia muciniphila. In another work published by the research team of Dr. Sanz from the University of Valencia (54), it was concluded that a gluten-free diet not only entails modifications in the microbial ecosystem, but also leads to an improvement in markers inflammatory agents such as TNF alpha, IFN gamma, IL 10 and IL 8.

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Probably the most studied and considered healthiest diet

Mediterranean diet . In different studies it has been seen how this diet, due to its content of and fatty acids. Fiber and antioxidants , has important benefits in preventing the onset of Ivory Coast WhatsApp Number List cardiovascular events and participates. In the maintenance of a healthy microbial ecosystem (55-57). . An intervention study was out for two years in patients with metabolic syndrome , comparing. Mediterranean diet with a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet (58). The results of the research work show that long-term consumption of. A Mediterranean diet partially recovers the population of Parabacteroides distasonis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, prausnitzii, Bifidobacterium adolescents and Bifidobacterium longum in patients. With metabolic syndrome. The Mediterranean diet improves insulin sensitivity in people with obesity These results suggest that the Mediterranean diet could be useful to repopulate the microbiota with beneficial microorganisms.

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